Thinking Space - Mindset

by Carol Dweck

Mindest: The New Psychology of Success

Notes & Quotes
  • Fixed Mindset - Intelligence is a fixed trait
  • Growth Mindset - Intelligence is a malleable quality; a potential that can be developed
  • Goals
    • Fixed Mindset - Look smart at all costs
      • Avoid tasks that might show a deficiency
    • Growth Mindset - Learn at all costs
  • Effort
    • Fixed Mindset - It should come naturally
      • If hard, that's when they feel dumb
      • Want to stay in their comfort zone
    • Growth Mindset - Work hard, effort is key
      • They know that's when they are getting smarter
  • Setbacks
    • Fixed Mindset - Hide mistakes & deficiencies
      • A fixed mindset gives no way to handle difficulty
      • Become defensive - act bored, act out, blame teacher/material
    • Growth Mindset - Capitalize on mistakes & confront deficiencies
  • How transmitted?
    • Through intelligence praise instead of process praise
  • ... Yet!
  • Growth mindset allows students to
    • Embrace learning and growth
    • Understand the role of effort in creating intelligence/talent
    • Maintain resilience in the face of setbacks
  • This is a continuum, people can slide along it depending on the context/environment
  • Just exhorting students to try hard is not promoting a growth mindset

  • How does this connect with Josh Kaufman's How to learn anything... fast?
  • How does this overlap with students' grit?
  • How does this overlap with problem-solving?
  • Can organizations (schools/districts) have a fixed or growth mindset? Do different national cultures have an affect on mindsets?
  • How could you "grade" students in a way that promotes a growth mindset?
    • Would this challenge students "gifted" in an area or skill to push themselves to greater growth?
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